In the early 1920s, Joseph Pilates (1883-1967) developed a series of exercises he named Contrology. Today millions of people worldwide practice his exercise routine, that is now known as Pilates.
In this short archival film Joseph Pilates is shown demonstrating exercises to his students. In another sequence one of his students is shown using the Wunda Chair, that demonstrates her high level of core strength and control.
Joseph Pilates (1883-1967) immigrated to the United States from Germany around 1925. Thereafter, he and his wife Clara, opened a fitness studio in New York City, where he taught an exercise regimen that he named Contrology. The routine primarily focused on core strength using either a mat, a reformer, or one of several other machines invented by him. Sometime after his death in 1967, his exercises became known as Pilates.