Climbing Mt. Everest – The Highest Mountain In The World

Elevation: 29,035 Feet Above Sea Level

Namesake: Colonel Sir George Everest 1790-1866, a British surveyor and geographer.

Location: Straddles the border between Nepal and Tibet.

First Climbers To Summit Mount Everest : Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay

First Climbers To Reach The Summit: Sir Edmund Hillary, a New Zealand mountaineer 1919-2008 and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepalese Sherpa* 1914-1986, were the first to reach the summit in May 1953. 

Tibetan Name: Chomolungma.  Meaning “Mother Goddess of the World”. 

Number of Deaths: As of 2019 the number of deaths on Everest reached 300 + while attempting to reach the summit.

Climbing Costs: $60,000 to $65,000


Climbing Records


First Woman To Reach The Summit: Junko Tabei, 1939-2016, a Japanese mountaineer, reached the summit in 1975.

Oldest Woman To Climb Mt. Everest: Tamae Watanabe in 2002 at 63.  She broke her own record in 2012 at 73.

Youngest Female To Climb Mt. Everest: Malavath Purna, an Indian Mountaineer reached the summit in May 2014 at the age of 13 years 11 months.

First American Woman To Reach Summit: Stacy Allison in 1988

First American woman to reach Mt. Everest summit and survive the descent without supplemental oxygen in 2016: Melissa Arnot Reid


First Men To Reach The Summit: Sir Edmund Hillary a New Zealander 1919-2008 and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepalese Sherpa 1914-1986, reached the Summit May 1953.

First American Man To Reach The Summit: James Whittaker, and climbing his partner  Sherpa Nawang Gombu in 1975.

Oldest Man To Summit Mt. Everest: Katsusuke Yanagisawa, at the age of 71 in 2007.

Youngest Male To Summit Mt. Everest: Jordan Romero, an American, is  the youngest person to climb Everest reaching the summit on  5/22/10 at 13 years and 10 months.  Accompanied by his step mother, father and 3 sherpas.


Ang Rita Sherpa 1948 – 2020,  Made 20 ascents without bottled oxygen.  The first person to ascend the mountain 10 times.  He was a national hero known as the “Snow Leopard”.

Apa Sherpa born in 1960, holds 13  world records for summiting Mount Everest 21 times, four of those without supplemental oxygen.

Kami Rita Sherpa, born in 1970,  has accomplished 24 ascents, and holds the world climbing record on Everest.

Dave Hahn born in 1961, is an American professional mountain guide, ski patroller, journalist and lecturer. In May 2013, he reached the summit of Mount Everest for the 15th time. The most for a non-Sherpa climber. (Source Wikipedia)

*Sherpa: A Guide

Discovery Of George Mallory’s Remains

George Mallory (1886-1924), an English mountaineer, and his climbing partner Andrew Irvine (1902-1924), may have reached the summit in 1924, when Mallory was 37, and Irvine 22.  They went missing on June 8, 1924. Mallory’s remains were found by the Mallory and Irvine Research Expedition in 1999, partially sponsored by NOVA and the BBC, 75 years after their disappearance.   

Andrew Irvine

Mallorysremains were identified by name tags inside his clothing. The search team buried Mallory where he was found.  His remains had fractures to the right leg, and a large skull fracture. His climbing partner, Andrew Irvine, has never been found. 

Recent News Articles About Mt. Everest

Time Magazine, June 13, 2019 by Emily Barone, & Lon Tweeten – Greed, Weather and Inexperience: See How Mt. Everest’s Deadly Season Compares To Past Years.

New York Times, 5/26/19 By Kai Schultz, Jeffrey Gettleman, Mujib Mashal, Bhandra Sharma  ‘It was like a zoo’: death on an unruly, overcrowded Everest

The Washington Post, 5/31/19 By Jacob Bogage – How Mount Everest Became A Tourist Destination

Business Insider 5/28/19 By Hiliary Brueck – Dead bodies Litter Mount Everest because it’s so dangerous and expensive to get them down 9/24/15 By Tristan Kennedy – The Gruesome Truth About The Climbers Who Die on Mount Everest – The World’s Highest Mountain Is Also The World’s Highest Open Grave

University of Washington (UW News) 8/26/20 By Michele Ma – Mount Everest Success Rates Double, Death Rate Stays The Same Over Last 30 Years

National Geographic Resource Library 10/1/19Trash and Overcrowding At The Top Of The World

CBS 6/6/19 By Sophie Lewis – 24,000 Pounds Of Garbage Was Just Removed From Mount Everest, Leading To The Discovery of Four Dead Bodies

Fox  5/2/19 By Ann Schmidt – Mount Everest Is Covered In Garbage And Dead Bodies: Report

Fox  3/22/19 By James Rogers – Melting Everest Glaciers Reveal Dead Climbers’ Bodies: Report 11/26/19 By Sabrina Ithal – 12 Disturbing Stories Of Bodies Left On Top of Mount Everest (There are more stories on this site about Everest). 10/23/16 Associated Press – Junko Tabei, first woman to climb Mount Everest, dies aged 77

Irene Pastore, is a Certified Personal Trainer, fitness blogger, health educator, and speaker. She has 23 years experience teaching exercise in New York City. To read her complete bio, visit the About Page.

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